Anti-Federalists chose to ratify the Constitution largely because of the promise of a bill

Anti-Federalists chose to ratify the Constitution largely because of the promise of a bill of individual rights. However, they still feared that a federal system would become too powerful. Did the federal government grow too powerful under the Washington and Adams administrations? If so, what are some specific examples where this happened? Or did the Federalists manage to avoid the kinds of abuses the Anti-Federalists feared? What are some examples?